2010 IFBB 2010 NPC 2011 IFBB ABS Amino acids Anabolic Steroids Arnold Schwarzenegger Biceps bodybuilder Bodybuilders BodyBuilding Branch Warren build muscle Dennis Wolf Dexter Jackson Diet Dorian Yates Evan Centopani Exercise fat burning Figure Hgh Hidetada Yamagishi ifbb Insulin JAY CUTLER Kai Greene MR. Olympia NUTRITION Phil Heath Protein Ronnie Coleman Ronny Rockel Shawn Ray Shoulders STEROIDS steroids profiles Steroids substance Supplements Testosterone Toney Freeman TRAINING Triceps weight loss Workout Routine
The global lifetime prevalence rate obtained was % (95% confidence interval [CI], -; I(2) = , P < .001). The prevalence rate for males, % (95% CI, -, I(2) = , P < .001), was significantly higher (Qbet = , P < .001) than the rate for females, % (95% CI, -, I(2) = , P < .001). Sample type (athletes), assessment method (interviews only and interviews and questionnaires), sampling method, and male sample percentage were significant predictors of AAS use prevalence. There was no indication of publication bias.
One last point: Because steroids have all these side effects, a lot of abusers will then take other drugs to offset the effect—steroid abuse causes you to grow man-boobs, so people take another drug to mitigate those side effects. Guys who take steroids often also take augmenting drugs to decrease estrogen production or to improve athletic performance even further, like human growth hormone, insulin-like growth factor 1, insulin, erythropoietin, stimulants, diuretics, levothyroxine, and/or gamma-hydroxybutyrate, according to the study in FP Essentials . That means on top of all these side effects of steroids, most abusers are also looking at a whole separate list of effects from their peripheral drug habits.